Psychosexual theories

Psychosexual theories


In the young boy, the Oedipus complex or more correctly, conflict, arises because the boy develops sexual pleasurable desires for his mother. The nature of this first conflict with authority can determine the child's future relationship with all forms of authority. In Human Behavior in Global Perspective: Both frustration and overindulgence or any combination of the two may lead to what psychoanalysts call fixation at a particular psychosexual stage. The ego and superego develop in order to exercise this control and direct the need for gratification into socially acceptable channels. In the case of too little gratification, the infant might become passive upon learning that gratification is not forthcoming, despite having produced the gratifying behavior. In adulthood, the anal expulsive is the person who wants to share things with you. One reason for this may be that the needs of the developing individual at any particular stage may not have been adequately met in which case there is frustration. How to reference this article: Oral fixation Oral fixation has two possible outcomes. Moreover, his admitting to wanting to procreate with mother was considered proof of the boy's sexual attraction to the opposite-sex parent; he was a heterosexual male. Genital Stage This stage occurs from puberty till death, which is also the period when children reach sexual maturity. It is assumed that some libido is permanently invested in each psychosexual stage and thus each person will behave in some ways that are characteristic of infancy, or early childhood. We see oral personalities all around us such as smokers, nail-biters, finger-chewers, and thumb suckers. If the parents respond to that, the child must comply, but might develop a weak sense of self , because it was the parents' will, and not the child's ego, which controlled the toilet training. The psychological difference between the phallic and genital stages is that the ego is established in the latter; the person's concern shifts from primary-drive gratification instinct to applying secondary process-thinking to gratify desire symbolically and intellectually by means of friendships, a love relationship, family and adult responsibilities. Unresolved psychosexual competition for the opposite-sex parent might produce a phallic-stage fixation leading a girl to become a woman who continually strives to dominate men viz. These are called psychosexual stages because each stage represents the fixation of libido roughly translated as sexual drives or instincts on a different area of the body. Freud's five stages of development essentially showcase how sexuality starts from a very young age in humans, and how it develops till adulthood at different stages. Oral stage The first stage of psychosexual development is the oral stage , spanning from birth until the age of one year, wherein the infant's mouth is the focus of libidinal gratification derived from the pleasure of feeding at the mother's breast, and from the oral exploration of his or her environment, i. But the greater the difficulty encountered at any particular point, the greater the need for troops to remain behind to fight and thus the fewer that will be able to go on to the next confrontation. Whether or not the child has successfully resolved the Oedipal conflict , the instinctual drives of the id are inaccessible to the Ego, because his or her defense mechanisms repressed them during the phallic stage. Boys suffer a castration anxiety, where the son believes his father knows about his desire for his mother and hence fears his father will castrate him. This is Freud, remember. According to him, every child is full of energy that needs to be channelized in the right direction. The ideal resolution of the id—ego conflict is in the child's adjusting to moderate parental demands that teach the value and importance of physical cleanliness and environmental order, thus producing a self-controlled adult. Fixation refers to the theoretical notion that a portion of the individual's libido has been permanently 'invested' in a particular stage of his development.

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Psychosexual theories

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Freud's Psychosexual Stages




He thus represses his desire and defensively identifies with his father. Anal fixation Anal fixation, which may be caused by too much punishment during toilet training, has two possible outcomes. He believed that libido provides the basic platform for the mind to run on. She further proposed the concept of " womb and vagina envy ", the male's envy of the female ability to bear children; yet, contemporary formulations further develop said envy from the biologic child-bearing to the psychologic nurturance , envy of women's perceived right to be the kind parent. He wants to possess his mother exclusively and get rid of his father to enable him to do so. In describing human personality development as psychosexual Freud meant to convey that what develops is the way in which sexual energy accumulates and is discharged as we mature biologically. This is resolved through the process of identification, which involves the child adopting the characteristics of the same sex parent. The id dominates, because neither the ego nor the super ego is yet fully developed, and, since the infant has no personality identity , every action is based upon the pleasure principle. Moreover, after the phallic stage, the girl's psychosexual development includes transferring her primary erogenous zone from the infantile clitoris to the adult vagina. This psychological complex derives from the 5th-century BC Greek mythologic character Oedipus , who unwittingly killed his father, Laius , and sexually possessed his mother, Jocasta. Moreover, his admitting to wanting to procreate with mother was considered proof of the boy's sexual attraction to the opposite-sex parent; he was a heterosexual male. Freud thought that most sexual impulses are repressed during the latent stage, and sexual energy can be sublimated re: Freud offered the Little Hans case study as evidence of the Oedipus complex.

Psychosexual theories


In the young boy, the Oedipus complex or more correctly, conflict, arises because the boy develops sexual pleasurable desires for his mother. The nature of this first conflict with authority can determine the child's future relationship with all forms of authority. In Human Behavior in Global Perspective: Both frustration and overindulgence or any combination of the two may lead to what psychoanalysts call fixation at a particular psychosexual stage. The ego and superego develop in order to exercise this control and direct the need for gratification into socially acceptable channels. In the case of too little gratification, the infant might become passive upon learning that gratification is not forthcoming, despite having produced the gratifying behavior. In adulthood, the anal expulsive is the person who wants to share things with you. One reason for this may be that the needs of the developing individual at any particular stage may not have been adequately met in which case there is frustration. How to reference this article: Oral fixation Oral fixation has two possible outcomes. Moreover, his admitting to wanting to procreate with mother was considered proof of the boy's sexual attraction to the opposite-sex parent; he was a heterosexual male. Genital Stage This stage occurs from puberty till death, which is also the period when children reach sexual maturity. It is assumed that some libido is permanently invested in each psychosexual stage and thus each person will behave in some ways that are characteristic of infancy, or early childhood. We see oral personalities all around us such as smokers, nail-biters, finger-chewers, and thumb suckers. If the parents respond to that, the child must comply, but might develop a weak sense of self , because it was the parents' will, and not the child's ego, which controlled the toilet training. The psychological difference between the phallic and genital stages is that the ego is established in the latter; the person's concern shifts from primary-drive gratification instinct to applying secondary process-thinking to gratify desire symbolically and intellectually by means of friendships, a love relationship, family and adult responsibilities. Unresolved psychosexual competition for the opposite-sex parent might produce a phallic-stage fixation leading a girl to become a woman who continually strives to dominate men viz. These are called psychosexual stages because each stage represents the fixation of libido roughly translated as sexual drives or instincts on a different area of the body. Freud's five stages of development essentially showcase how sexuality starts from a very young age in humans, and how it develops till adulthood at different stages. Oral stage The first stage of psychosexual development is the oral stage , spanning from birth until the age of one year, wherein the infant's mouth is the focus of libidinal gratification derived from the pleasure of feeding at the mother's breast, and from the oral exploration of his or her environment, i. But the greater the difficulty encountered at any particular point, the greater the need for troops to remain behind to fight and thus the fewer that will be able to go on to the next confrontation. Whether or not the child has successfully resolved the Oedipal conflict , the instinctual drives of the id are inaccessible to the Ego, because his or her defense mechanisms repressed them during the phallic stage. Boys suffer a castration anxiety, where the son believes his father knows about his desire for his mother and hence fears his father will castrate him. This is Freud, remember. According to him, every child is full of energy that needs to be channelized in the right direction. The ideal resolution of the id—ego conflict is in the child's adjusting to moderate parental demands that teach the value and importance of physical cleanliness and environmental order, thus producing a self-controlled adult. Fixation refers to the theoretical notion that a portion of the individual's libido has been permanently 'invested' in a particular stage of his development.

Psychosexual theories


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5 thoughts on “Psychosexual theories

  1. The Anal retentive personality is stingy, with a compulsive seeking of order and tidiness.

  2. In describing human personality development as psychosexual Freud meant to convey that what develops is the way in which sexual energy accumulates and is discharged as we mature biologically.

  3. According to Freud, children at this stage suppress their sexual energy and direct it towards asexual pursuits, such as, school, athletics, hobbies, social relationships, friendships with same-sex, etc.

  4. Phallic stage The third stage of psychosexual development is the phallic stage , spanning the ages of three to six years, wherein the child's genitalia are his or her primary erogenous zone.

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